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Post traumatic stress disorder

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What Is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

A disorder in which a person has difficulty recovering after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event

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Different Type of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

1. Complex

Complex PTSD comes from long-term trauma. You’ve been held captive physically or emotionally. Chronic or prolonged trauma includes situations like:

  • Concentration camps
  • Prisoner of War (POW) camps
  • Prostitution
  • Child exploitation
  • Long-term child abuse (sexual or physical)
  • Long-term domestic violence 

2. Comorbid PTSD 

Comorbid PTSD is when you meet all the criteria for PTSD and exhibit symptoms of another disorder. The American Academy of Family Physicians says “…at least one additional psychiatric disorder is present in 88.3 percent of men and 79.0 percent of women who have a history of PTSD.”

They also say, “Women who have PTSD are 4.1 times as likely to develop major depression and 4.5 times as likely to develop mania as women who do not have PTSD.” Men aren’t off the hook either. Men with PTSD are 6.9 times as likely to develop depression and 10.4 times as likely to develop mania. Plus, more than half of men with PTSD have comorbid alcohol use disorder.

There are several overlapping symptoms of depression and PTSD:

  • Sleep problems
  • Trouble focusing
  • Loss of pleasure in activities you once enjoyed
  • Increased irritability

Just a few of the disorders that can co-occur in people with PTSD are:

3. Dissociative PTSD

This is a new subtype of PTSD, debuted in DSM-5. To be diagnosed with dissociative PTSD, you must meet all PTSD diagnostic criteria. There are eight criteria, including:

  • Being exposed to a stressor
  • Exhibiting distinct, prolonged symptoms because of that stressor
  • Avoiding people or places that remind you of the stressor
  • Experiencing negative changes to your mood


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Symptoms

Some of the most common symptoms of PTSD include the following:

  • Intense feelings of distress when reminded of a tragic event
  • Extreme physical reactions to reminders of trauma such as a nausea, sweating or a pounding heart
  • Invasive, upsetting memories of a tragedy
  • Flashbacks (feeling like the trauma is happening again)
  • Nightmares of either frightening things or of the event
  • Loss of interest in life and daily activities
  • Feeling emotionally numb and detached from other people
  • Sense of a not leading a normal life (not having a positive outlook of your future)
  • Avoiding certain activities, feelings, thoughts or places that remind you of the tragedy
  • Difficulty remembering important aspects of a tragic event.